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参考文献

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参考文献

第14章

Bradley WG, Waluch V, Lai KS, et al. The appearance of rapidly flowing blood on magnetic resonance images. Am J Roentgenol 1984; 143: 1167-1174.

Bradley WG. Flow phenomena. In: Stark DD and Bradley WG (eds.). Magnetic resonance imaging. 2nd edition. Vol. 1. St. Louis (USA): Mosby Year Book Inc. 1992, 253-298.

Pennell DJ. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Circulation 2010; 121: 692-705. doi:

Gedroyc W. Phase-contrast magnetic resonance angiography in the abdomen. In: Aichner FT, Felber SR, Muller RN, Rinck PA (eds). Three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging. Oxford: Blackwell 1994, 259-270.

Hausmann R. Time-of-flight MR angiography: physical principles and clinical applications. In: Aichner FT, Felber SR, Muller RN, Rinck PA (eds). Three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging. Oxford: Blackwell 1994, 247-258.

Kramer CM, Barkhausen J, Flamm SD, Kim RJ, Nagel E; Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Board of Trustees Task Force on Standardized Protocols. Standardized cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) protocols 2013 update. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 2013; 15:91. doi: 10.1186/1532-429X-15-91.

Marchal G, Bosmans H, Van Hecke P, Jiang YB, Aerts P, Bauer H. Experimental Gd-DTPA polylysine enhanced MR angiography: sequence optimization. J Comput Assist Tomogr 1991; 15: 711-715.

Marchal G, Michiels J, Bosmans H, Van Hecke P. Contrast-enhanced MRA of the brain. J Comput Assist Tomogr 1992; 16: 25-29.

Port M, Meyer D, Bonnemain B, et al. P760 and P775: MRI contrast agents characterized by new pharmacokinetic properties. Magn Reson Mater Phy 1999; 8: 172-176.

Shinde TS, Lee VS, Rofsky NM, Krinsky GA, Weinreb JC. Three-dimensional gadolinium-enhanced MR venographic evaluation of patency of central veins in the thorax: initial experience. Radiology. 1999; 213: 555-560.

Singer JR. Blood flow rates by nuclear magnetic resonance measurements. Science 1959; 130: 1652-1653.

van As H, Schaafsma TJ. Flow in nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. In: Petersen SB, Muller RN, Rinck PA (eds.) An introduction to biomedical nuclear magnetic resonance. Thieme: Stuttgart, New York 1985, 68-96.

Zerhouni EA, Parish DM, Rogers WJ, Yang A, Shapiro EP. Human heart: tagging with MR imaging — a method for noninvasive assessment of myocardial motion. Radiology 1988; 169: 59-63.


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